RELATIONSHIPS OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A 3M PLUS PROGRAM AND THE EXISTENCE OF AEDES AEGYPTI LARVAE TOWARDS THE NUMBER OF DENGUE FEVER CASES IN THE PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER OF TIGO BALEH BUKITTINGGI, WEST SUMATERA, INDONESIA

Syukra Alhamda

Abstract


Background: Dengue fever in Tigo baleh Bukittinggi community is one of the infectious diseases resulting in serious health problems. Understanding the factors associated with the disease is necessity.

Objective: To determine the relationships of the implementation of 3M plus program and the existence of Aedes aegypti larvae towards the number of dengue fever cases in the public health center of Tigo Baleh Bukittinggi, West Sumatera, Indonesia.

Methods: This was a case control study conducted between January and December 2016 in the Public Health Center of Tigo Baleh Bukittinggi. There were 78 samples recruited by total sampling, with 39 were assigned in the case and control group. House index (HI) and Container index (CI) were used to measure the presence of Aedes aegypti larvae. The implementation of 3M plus program was measured using questionnaire developed by the researcher. Chi Square was performed for data analysis.

Result: Findings showed that house index value was 43.6% and container index was 17.9%. The presence of larvae at home contributes to 24 (61.5%) cases of DHF in the case group and 10 (25.6%) cases in the control group. Poor implementation of the program contributes to 27 (69.2%) cases in the case group and 17 (43.6%) in the control group. Chi square test showed p 0.040 (<0.05) for the 3M plus implementation and p 0.03 (<0.05) for the presence of Aedes aegypti.

Conclusion: There were significant associations between the implementation of 3m plus program and the existence of Aedes aegypti larvae towards the number of dengue fever cases in the public health center of Tigo Baleh Bukittinggi, West Sumatera, Indonesia. It is suggested that the community should do more efforts to prevent the occurrence of DHF through mosquito nest eradication, such as the implementation of 3M Plus and sanitation efforts, and pay attention to any places that potentially become a breeding ground for Aedes aegypti mosquitoes.

Keywords


Dengue fever, Aedes aegypti, Larvae, 3M plus

Full Text:

PDF

References


Departemen Kesehatan RI. Indonesia sehat 2010. Visi Baru, Misi, Kebijakan dan Strategi Pembangunan Kesehatan. Jakarta. 1999.

World Health O. Health systems strengthening glossary. Geneva: World Health Organization. 2013.

Sukowati S. Masalah vektor demam berdarah dengue (DBD) dan pengendaliannya di Indonesia. Buletin Jendela Epidemiologi. 2010;2(1):26-30.

Timmreck T. Epidemiologi suatu pengantar2004.

Sumarmo PS. Masalah demam berdarah dengue di Indonesia. Dalam: Sri Rezeki HH, Hindra IS. Demam berdarah dengue. Naskah lengkap. Pelatihan bagi pelatih dokter spesialis anak & dokter spesialis penyakit dalam dalam tatalaksana kasus DBD. Balai Penerbit Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia. Hal. 1999:1-12.

Indonesia KKR. Profil Kesehatan Indonesia tahun 2013 Jakarta: Depkes RI. 2014.

Kurniati D. Kemenkes: Indonesia Masih Endemis Demam Berdarah 2013; https://nasional.tempo.co/read/news/2013/07/26/173500085/kemenkes-indonesia-masih-endemis-demam-berdarah. Accessed August 15th, 2017.

Presiden RI. Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia No. 36 Tahun 2009 Tentang Kesehatan. Presiden Republik Indonesia, Jakarta. 2009.

Vale. 3M Plus campaign to eradicate Dengue Fever 2014; http://www.vale.com/indonesia/EN/aboutvale/news/id/Pages/3m_plus_campaign_to_eradicate_dengue_fever.aspx. Accessed September 15th, 2017.

Parida S, Dharma S, Hasan W. Hubungan Keberadaan Jentik Aedes aegypti dan Pelaksanaan 3M Plus dengan Kejadian Penyakit DBD di Lingkungan XVIII Kelurahan Binjai Kota Medan Tahun 2012. Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja. 2013;2(2).

Aji R, Totong M, Kamaluddin S. Environmental factors and indices related to dengue vector larva in Rejang Lebong District. 2016.

Yudhastuti R, Vidiyani A. Hubungan kondisi lingkungan, kontainer, dan perilaku masyarakat dengan keberadaan jentik nyamuk Aedes aegypti di daerah endemis demam berdarah dengue Surabaya. Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan. 2005;1(2).


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Public Health of Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

.....................................................................................................................................................................

Copyright 2015 Public Health of Indonesia | e-ISSN 2477-1570 | p-ISSN 2528-1542 licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License