A COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF HEALTH EDUCATION METHODS ON ANXIETY LEVELS AMONG PRE-CATARACT SURGERY PATIENTS IN CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA

Shinta Restu Wibawa, Suharjo Suharjo, Ibrahim Rahmat

Abstract


Background: Not much is known about the impact of health education in reducing anxiety levels in pre-cataract surgery patients in Indonesia.

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of counseling and lecture methods using leaflet in reducing anxiety levelsĀ  among pre-cataract surgery patients in Central Java, Indonesia.

Methods: This was quasi experiment with pretest- posttest design with two comparative groups at two hospitals in November 2014. It was 70 preoperative cataract patients selected using total sampling, which 35 randomly assigned to intervention group 1 and intervention group 2. The Analog Anxiety Scale (AAS) was used to measure anxiety levels. Data were analyzed using paired t-test and independent t-test.

Results: There was a significant effect of health education using counseling and lecture method with leaflet media in reducing anxiety levels among preoperative cataract patients (p=.001). A counseling method was more effective than lecture method in dealing with anxiety levels (p=.001).

Conclusion: Findings of this study can be used as a basis for development of nursing intervention in the hospital setting to reduce the anxiety levels among pre-cataract surgery patients.


Keywords


anxiety, health education, cataract surgery, nursing

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