Aria Gusti


Background: Air pollution is a global problem that is almost experienced by all countries. Causes of air pollution usually come from motor vehicles and industrial sources. One of places filled with transportations in community is a traditional market

Objective: This study aimed to asses the health risk of inhalation exposure to SO2 and NO2 on traders in the Siteba Market Padang City, Indonesia.

Methods: This was a descriptive quantitative research with Environmental Health Risk Analysis method (EHRA). The concentrations of SO2 and NO2 were measured at three different points in a total of  81 respondents who were randomly selected.

Results: Findings showed that the average of SO2 concentration was equal to 113 mg/m3, and the average NO2 concentration was 3 mg/m3. SO2 and NO2 exposure assessment on the traders were 0.005204 mg / kg / day and 0.00015604 mg / kg / day respectively. And the results of calculation of exposure risk characterization of SO2 and NO2 were at risk level (RQ) of <1.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that ambient air quality was safe although the complaints and discomforts among traders were still found. Therefore, further research to assess the other air quality parameters that affect the respiratory distress perceived by market traders is needed.


risk analysis, SO2, NO2, trader

Full Text:



Andersson, E., Murgia, N., Nilsson, T., Karlsson, B., & Torén, K. (2013). Incidence of chronic bronchitis in a cohort of pulp mill workers with repeated gassings to sulphur dioxide and other irritant gases. Environmental Health, 12(1), 113.

Arista, G., Sunarsih, E., & Mutahar, R. (2015). Analisis Risiko Kesehatan Paparan Nitrogen Dioksida (NO2) dan Sulfur Dioksida (SO2) pada Pedagang Kaki Lima di Terminal Ampera Palembang Tahun 2015. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, 6(2).

Goverment of the Republic of Indonesia. (1999). Government regulation No 41 year 1999 on air pollution control: Goverment of the Republic of Indonesia.

Gusti, A. (2017). Comparison of Risk Level of Exposure to PM10 on Students at Vegetated and Non Vegetated Elementary School in Padang City. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, 12(20), 9434-9437.

Kementerian Kesehatan. (2012). Pedoman analisis risiko kesehatan lingkungan. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Koplitz, S. N., Jacob, D. J., Sulprizio, M. P., Myllyvirta, L., & Reid, C. (2017). Burden of disease from rising coal-fired power plant emissions in Southeast Asia. Environmental science & technology, 51(3), 1467-1476.

Maji, K. J., Dikshit, A. K., & Deshpande, A. (2016). Human health risk assessment due to air pollution in 10 urban cities in Maharashtra, India. Cogent Environmental Science, 2(1), 1193110.

Mukono, H. (2008). Pencemaran Udara dan Pengaruhnya terhadap Gangguan Saluran Pernapasan: Airlangga University Press.

Mutiara, S. (2016). Environmental Health Risk Analysis Exposure to SO2 (Sulfur dioxide) and NO2 (Nitrogen dioxide) in Street Vendors in Pasar Raya Padang. Universitas Andalas, Padang.

Rahman. (2007). Predictive Environmental Impact Assessment Model and Its Application for Health Risk Management. Jakarta: Center for Environmental Health and Industry Studies. Universitas Indonesia.

Shin, J., Park, J. Y., & Choi, J. (2018). Long-term exposure to ambient air pollutants and mental health status: A nationwide population-based cross-sectional study. PloS one, 13(4), e0195607.

Slamet, J. S., & Lingkungan, K. (2000). Gadjah Mada University Press: Yogyakarta.

Syaputri, D. (2013). Analisis Risiko Pajanan Gas SO2 dan NO2 Sumber Transportasi Terhadap Gangguan Saluran Pernapasan Pada Pedagang Kaki Lima Di Terminal Terpadu Amplas Kecamatan Medan Amplas Kota Medan. Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan.

Wardani, T. (2012). Perbedaan Tingkat Risiko Kesehatan oleh Pajanan PM10, SO2 dan NO2 pada Hari Kerja, Hari Libur dan Hari Bebas Kendaraan Bermotor di Bundaran HI Jakarta. Skripsi. Universitas Indonesia.

WHO. (2011). Health aspect of air polution with particulate matter, ozone and nitrogen dioxide: World Health Organization.

WHO. (2016). Air pollution levels rising in many of the world’s poorest cities.

Zakaria, N. (2009). Analisis Pencemaran Udara (So2) Keluhan Iritasi Tenggorokan Dan Keluhan Iritasi Mata Pada Pedagang Makanan Di Sekitar Terminal Joyoboyo Surabaya. Universitas Airlangga.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Aria Gusti

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

PHI is Indexed in:

PHI is registered and being evaluated by:

Copyright 2015-2018 Public Health of Indonesia | e-ISSN 2477-1570 | p-ISSN 2528-1542 licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License