Ike Anggraeni, Annisa Nurrachmawati, Riza Hayati Ifroh, Andi Anwar, Siswanto Siswanto


Background: The massive exploration of coal in Samarinda could lead to various environmental consequences, such as metal contamination of soil, toxic materials and sediments in rivers and air pollution. Scanning and exploring the impact of mining on environmental quality will strategic to develop and carry out rehabilitation on damaged ecosystems and as a preventive and adaptive action of the community in responding the threat of global environmental change.

Objective: This paper mainly focused on determining environmental quality based on water and air quality parameters (sulfur dioxide/SO2, Nitrogen dioxide/NO2, Carbon monoxide CO and TSP/dust) also determining community perception about the environment.

Methods: Water sample taken from Betapus river (upstream and downstream) and well. Air sample taken around residential in coal mining area. Household survey of 305 respondents conducted in five community neighborhoods in area that affected by mining activities. In general, the air quality parameters such as SO2, NO2, CO and TSP at normal condition.

Result: The measurement result of wells water revealed that only the pH (power of hydrogen) at normal condition, while BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand), COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand), Iron (Fe) exceed the threshold and almost all water sample exceeds the threshold in Manganese (Mn). The results of river quality in pH and COD showed that both in the upstream, midstream and downstream on normal condition, while Fe, COD exceeds the threshold. The BOD in the upper, middle parts of the river exceed the threshold.

Conclusion: This study found that there had been anomaly in water environment compounds. These indicate that mining has led to the occurrence of water pollution. Therefore, needs reevaluation analysis of environmental impacts document of the mining companies in Bayur Village. It is also important to treating Mn and Fe of well or river water, especially if the water use for drinking.


water quality, air quality, coal mining, environmental quality

Full Text:



Aneja, V. P., Isherwood, A., & Morgan, P. (2012). Characterization of particulate matter (PM10) related to surface coal mining operations in Appalachia. Atmospheric Environment, 54, 496-501.

Central Statistics Agency of East Kalimantan Province. (2016). Kalimantan Timur dalam angka 2015. East Kalimantan: Central Statistics Agency of East Kalimantan Province.

Central Statistics Agency of Samarinda. (2018). Samarinda dalam angka: Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Samarinda. .

Coelho, P., Teixeira, J., & Gonçalves, O. (2011). Mining activities: health impacts.

Colagiuri, R., Cochrane, J., & Girgis, S. (2012). Health and social harms of coal mining in local communities: Beyond Zero Emissions.

Diaz, A. C. (2015).Behind the life cycle of coal: Socio-environmental liabilities of coal mining in Cesar, Colombia.

Ghofar M. (2017). 25 Perusahaan Tambang Kepung DAS Karang Mumus.

Hendryx, M., O’Donnell, K., & Horn, K. (2008). Lung cancer mortality is elevated in coal-mining areas of Appalachia. Lung Cancer, 62(1), 1-7.

Juniah, R., Dalimi, R., Suparmoko, M., & Moersidik, S. S. (2012). Dampak Pertambangan Batubara Terhadap Kesehatan Masyarakat Sekitar Pertambangan Batubara (Kajian Jasa Lingkungan Sebagai Penyerap Karbon). Universitas Indonesia,

Kurniawan, F., Hanifah, T. A., & Bali, S. (2015). Analisis Logam (Fe, Pb), Nitrat (No3-), dan Sulfida (S2-) pada Limbah Tambang Batubara PT. Tri Bakti Sarimas di Desa Pangkalan Kuansing. Jurnal Online Mahasiswa Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Riau, 2(1), 212-221.

Kuyek, J. N. (2003). Overburdened: Understanding the Impacts of Mineral Extraction on Women's Health. Canadian Woman Studies, 23(1).

Mactaggart, F., McDermott, L., Tynan, A., & Gericke, C. A. (2018). Exploring the determinants of health and wellbeing in communities living in proximity to coal seam gas developments in regional Queensland. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 51.

Mancini, L., & Sala, S. (2018). Social impact assessment in the mining sector: Review and comparison of indicators frameworks. Resources Policy, 57, 98-111.

Mandal, K., Kumar, A., Tripathi, N., Singh, R., Chaulya, S., Mishra, P., & Bandyopadhyay, L. (2012). Characterization of different road dusts in opencast coal mining areas of India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 184(6), 3427-3441.

Mangena, S., & Brent, A. C. (2006). Application of a Life Cycle Impact Assessment framework to evaluate and compare environmental performances with economic values of supplied coal products. Journal of Cleaner Production, 14(12-13), 1071-1084.

Pandey, B., Agrawal, M., & Singh, S. (2014). Atmospheric pollution cluster and principal component analysis. Atmospheric Pollution Research, 5(1), 79–86.

Regional Planning and Development Agency of Samarinda. (2017). Samarinda Flood, Our Joint Responsibility.

Sefriani, S. (2018). Tanggung jawab sosial dan lingkungan perusahaan di indonesia ditinjau dari guiding principles on business and human rights. Universitas Islam Indonesia,

Thacker, S. B., Qualters, J. R., Lee, L. M., Control, C. f. D., & Prevention. (2012). Public health surveillance in the United States: evolution and challenges. MMWR Surveill Summ, 61(Suppl), 3-9.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.36685/phi.v5i4.270


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Ike Anggraeni Gunawan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

PHI is Indexed in:

PHI is registered and being evaluated by:

Copyright 2015-2018 Public Health of Indonesia | e-ISSN 2477-1570 | p-ISSN 2528-1542 licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License