Survey of Nutritional Status and Health Behavior of Pregnant Women in Bontomate’ne Health Center District Jeneponto

Yus riani


Background: Maternal mortality is a global health problem, and generally occurs mainly in developing countries. The main causes of maternal mortality still include bleeding, eclampsia and infections which contribute about 60% of total maternal deaths. Interventions to reduce the number of maternal deaths is pretty much done, especially in improving the nutritional status and health behavior of pregnant women, but have not yielded optimal results.

Aim: This study aimed to determine the nutritional status and health behavior of pregnant women at health centers Bontomate'ne Jeneponto.

Methods: This study uses survey design analytic descriptive approach. The population was all pregnant women in the working area Bontomate'ne health center with 189 people. All the population census or taken by total sampling. Data obtained through direct interviews and observations by using a questionnaire.

Results: The results showed that normal nutritional status of pregnant women as much as 85.1% and maternal nutritional status category KEK as much as 14.9%. Knowledge of pregnant women about the risk factors of maternal death, danger signs of pregnancy, the importance of antenatal care (ANC), planning a pregnancy and a safe delivery and post natal care (PNC) is categorized as less as much as 90.1%, and the mother's knowledge enough category only 9.9%. Pregnant women who have a positive attitude by 71.3% and amounted to 28.7% negative. Actions poor pregnant women as much as 34.7% and the capital measures both categories as much as 65.3%.

Conclusion: Nutritional status and health behavior of pregnant mothers can provide chances for the occurrence of maternal deaths. Suggested the need to conduct needs to conduct education and training to build the knowledge and experience of pregnant women about the nutritional status and health behavior was good with involving the active participation of health workers, community, family, mother and husband.



Nutritional Status, Health Behavior, Pregnancy

Full Text:



WHO. Trends in maternal mortality: 1990 to 2010. WHO-World Bank – UNICEF; 2012.

UNICEF. Maternal and Child Health, Issue Brief; Oktober. 2012.

Say L et al. Global Causes of Maternal Death: A Systematic Analysis WHO. Lancet. 2014;2(6):323-333.

Thaddeus S, M. D. Too Far To Walk: Maternal Mortality In Context. Soc Sci Med. 1994;38(1):1091-1110.

A James Mc Carthy and Deborah Maine. A Framework for Analyzing the Determinants of Maternal Mortality. Studies in Family Planning. 1992;23(1):23-33.

Vivi Yulaswati. Rough Roads Reduce Maternal Mortality. International NGO Forum on Indonesian Development (INFID); 2013.

Sul Sel Health Department. Health Profile of South Sulawesi, South Sulawesi Provincial Health Office, Makassar; 2013.

Ansariadi. Epidemiology of Maternal Mortality In South Sulawesi 2008-2013, What Has Changed?. Department of Epidemiology FKM UNHAS; 2014.

Department Health Of Jeneponto. Health Profile Jeneponto. DHO Jeneponto; 2014.

A.M. Okour, e. a. Maternal Mortality in Jourdan: Role of Substandard Care and Delays. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal. 2012;18(5):426-431.

Yusriani. Survei Of Nutritional Status and Health Behavior of Pregnat Women. Health Journal. 2012;2(1):31-40.

Notoatmodjo, S. Public Health Sciences. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta; 2007.

Rukmana, S. Relationships Nutritional Intake and Nutritional Status Pregnancy Trimester III With Birth Weight Babies in Health Center Tell; 2013.

RISKESDAS. Basic Health Research, Balitbangkes Ministry of Health; 2013.

Endeavor. Mapping Mortality Patterns With Social Determinant of Health Approach In Gowa in South Sulawesi Province. Dissertation. Study Program in Medical Science. Graduate Program, University of Hasanuddin, Makassar; 2014.

D Waterstone M., B. S., C. Wolfe. Incidence And Predictors Of Severe Obstetric Morbidity: A Case Control Study. British Medical Journal. 2001;322(1):1089-1094.

Budiman. Knowledge Pregnant Women In rural Kertajaya Tanggeung District of Cianjur Regency; 2014.

Jokhio, A. H., Winter, Heather R. & Cheng, Kar Keung. An Intervention Involving Traditional Birth Attendants and the Perinatal and Maternal Mortality in Pakistan. The New England Journal of Medicine. 2005;352(20):2091-2100.

Kruske, S. B., Lesly. Effect of Shifting Policies on Traditional Birth Attendant Training. The American College of Nurse-Midwives. 2004;49(4):306-311.

Miguel A Perez Raffy R Luquis. Cultural Competencein Health Education and Health Promotion, Jossey-Bass A Wiley Imprint 989 Market Street, San Francisco, CA; 2008.

Ikram and Ranti, Y.F. Relationship of Knowledge and Attitudes toward Behavior Visits Pregnancy Pregnancy Examination. Sociologie Journal. 2013;1(3):204-205.

Dewik. et al. Health Worker Knowledge Overview of Antenatal Care in Puskesmas Ranomuut Manado City. E-Biomedical Journals (EBM). 2013;1(2):1075-1076.

Misar, Y. et al. Risk Factors on Maternal Maternity Complications in North Gorontalo District; 2012.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Public Health of Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

PHI is Indexed in:


Copyright 2015-2018 Public Health of Indonesia | e-ISSN 2477-1570 | p-ISSN 2528-1542 licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License