THE INFLUENCE OF EDUCATION USING MODIFICATION MODULE ON KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND BEHAVIOR OF PREGNANCY CARE IN KENDARI, INDONESIA

Kar tini, Muh Syafar, A. Arsunan Arsin, Burhanuddin Bahar, Fitri yanti, Farming -

Abstract


Background: Prenatal care is one way to prevent complications of pregnancy, and educational approach is the best approach to improve the knowledge of mothers about prenatal care.

Aim: This study aimed to determine the influence of education on knowledge, attitude, and behavior of pregnancy care in Kendari, Indonesia

Methods: This was Quasi Experimental study with pre-post design. There were 4 groups involved in this study, which were: 1) The group that received educational intervention using a modification module from the MHC book of the Department of Health, 2) The group that received educational intervention using MHC book of the Department of Health, 3) The group that only used modification modules from MHC book of the Department of Health, and 4) The group that only used the MHC book of Department of Health. The intervention was given for 6 months. Seventy eight of 4-months pregnant women were selected by purposive sampling. Data were collected by asking the respondents to fulfill the questionnaires, which adopted from the questionnaire of Faculty of Public Health, Hasanuddin University to measure knowledge (15 items), attitude (18 items), and behaviors (15 items) of respondents. Data were analyzed by using Wilcoxon test and Kruskal Wallis test.

Results: Results showed thre was an influence of education on knowledge, attitude, and behavior of pregnancy care. Improvement in knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of pregnancy care was higher in the group  of pregnant women using a modification module

Conclusion: Education through the class of pregnant woman has an impact to increase knowledge, attitude, and behavior of care of pregnant woman. It is therefore the efforts to maintain educational approach is necessary.


Keywords


education, knowledge, attitude, pregnancy care

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ummah, F., Peningkatan Perawatan Kehamilan Melalui Kelas Ibu Hamil di Puskesmas Lamongan. SURYA; 2013;02(XV).

Notoatmodjo, S., Promosi Kesehatan: Teori dan Aplikasi, Edisi Revisi 2010. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2011.

Kemenkes, RI., Kelas Ibu Hamil. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI, 2012.

Kemenkes, RI., Pedoman Perencanaan Program Gerakan 1000 Hari Pertama Kehidupan. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI, 2012.

Brixval, C.S., Axelsen, S., Andersen, S.K., Due, P., Koushede, V., The Effect of Antenatal Education in Small Classes on Obstetric and Psycho-social Outcomes: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocol. SYSTEMATIC REVIEWS JOURNAL, 2014. 3:12.

Isjoni, Cooperative Learning, Efektifitas Pembelajaran Kelompok. Bandung: Alfabeta, 2010.

Ahlden, I., Ahlehagen, S., Dahlgren, L.O., Josefsson, A., Parents’ Expectations About Participating in Antenatal Parenghood Education Classes. THE JOURNAL OF PERINATAL EDUCATION, 2012. 21:11-17.

Pangesti, W.D., Kusuma, I.R., Pengaruh Kelas ibu Hamil Terhadap Perilaku Ibu Dalam Asuhan Antenatal di Puskesmas Patikraja Banyumas. JURNAL ILMIAH ILMU-ILMU KESEHATAN, 2013. XV:3.

Al-Ateeq, M., Al-Rusaiess, A., Al-Dughaither, A., Perceptions and effects of antenatal education. SAUDI MED J, 2013. 34(12):1287.

Escott, D., Slade P., Spiby, H., Preparation for pain management during childbirth: The psychological aspects of coping strategy development in antenatal education. ELSEVIER CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY REVIEW, 2009. 29:617–622.

Benediktsson, I., McDonald, S.W., Vekved,M., McNeil, D.A., Dola, S.M., Tough, S.C., Comparing Centering Pregnancy to Standard Prenatal Care Plus Prenatal Education. BMC PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH, 2013. 13:55.

Bahrami, N., Simbar, M., Bahrami, S., The Effect of Prenatal Education on Mother’s Quality of Life During First Year Postpartum Among Iranian Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FERTILITY AND STERILITY, 2013. 7;3:169-174.

Dinkes Kota Kendari, Profil Kesehatan Kota Kendari Sulawesi Tenggara. Kendari: Dinkes Kota Kendari, 2014.

Notoatmodjo, S., Promosi Kesehatan: Teori dan Aplikasi, Edisi Revisi. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2010.

Winkel, Psikologi Pendidikan dan Evaluasi Belajar. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia, 2007.

Kemenkes, RI., Kelas Ibu Hamil. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI, 2012.

Tanha, FD, Mohseni, M, Ghajarzadeh, M, Shariat M, The Effects of Healthy Diet in Pregnancy. JOURNAL OF FAMILY AN REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH, 2013. 7:3.

Popa, A.D., Nita, O., Graur, L., Propescu, R.M., Botnariu, G., Mihalache, L., Graur, M., Nutritional knowledge as a determinant of vitamin and mineral supplementation during pregnancy. BMC PUBLIC HEALTH, 2013. 13:1105.

Fallah, F., Pourabbas, A., Delpisheh, A., Veisani, Y., Shadnoush, M., Effects of Nutrition Education on Levels of Nutritional Awareness of Pregnant Women in Western Iran. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM, 2013. 13:175-178.

Ferguson, S., Davis, D., Browne, J., Does Antenatal Education Effect Labour And Birth? A Structured Review Of The Literature. WOMEN AND BIRTH JOURNAL, 2013. 26:e5-e8.

Sandal, G.A., Individual or Group Antenatal Education For Childbirth or Parenhood. Or Both. THE COCHRANE COLLABORATION, 2011. 10.

Yim W., Tang, C.S., Goggins, W.B., An Educational Intervention To Improve Women’s Ability To Cope With Childbirth. JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NURSING, 2009. 18:2125-2135.

Kartikawati SL. Sutedja E. Dzulfikar, Pengaruh kelas ibu balita terhadap peningkatan pengetahuan, sikap, dan Keterampilan Ibu balita dalam merawat balita di wilayah kerja puskesmas Sukarasa Kota Bandung. BHAKTI KENCANA MEDIKA, 2014. 4, No. 1;1-74




DOI: https://doi.org/10.36685/phi.v2i2.64

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 Public Health of Indonesia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

PHI is Indexed in:

PHI is registered and being evaluated by:

Copyright 2015-2018 Public Health of Indonesia | e-ISSN 2477-1570 | p-ISSN 2528-1542 licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License