Public Health of Indonesia http://stikbar.org/ycabpublisher/index.php/PHI <p>Public Health of Indonesia is an International, peer-reviewed, and open access journal published by YCAB Publisher and IAKMI SULTRA, Indonesia, emphasizing on original research findings that are relevant for developing country perspectives including Indonesia.</p> YCAB Publisher & IAKMI SULTRA en-US Public Health of Indonesia 2528-1542 <p>Authors who publish with Public Health of Indonesia agree to the following terms:</p><ol><li>Authors retain copyright licensed under a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" target="_blank">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY-NC 4.0</a>, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the authors' work non-commercially, and although the others' new works must also acknowledge the authors and be non-commercial, they don't have to license their derivative works on the same terms.</li><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html">The Effect of Open Access</a>). Authors can archive pre-print <em>and</em> post-print or publisher's version/PDF.</li></ol> Relationship of socio-demographic factors, knowledge, attitude, and food consumption behavior among vocational high school students during COVID-19 pandemic, Indonesia http://stikbar.org/ycabpublisher/index.php/PHI/article/view/502 <p><strong>Background: </strong>Maintaining a nutritious eating behavior for school children is one of the important health issues to be carried out during the current COVID-19 pandemic. The roles of parents, teachers, and health workers are necessary for school children.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>This study aimed to determine socio-demographic factors, knowledge, attitude, and food consumption behavior among vocational high school students during the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Municipality of Sleman, Indonesia.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>Cross-sectional design was employed among 84 students selected using purposive sampling. Data were collected in September 2021 using validated questionnaires. Chi-square test and multi logistic regression were used to examine associations between independent variables and food consumption behavior.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The majority of the respondents were females (94%), and the range of age of all the respondents was 15-18 years old. The multi logistic regression showed that the students who had low family income (Adj. OR = 4.38, 95% CI = 1.26-15.19), poor knowledge (Adj. OR = 8.39, 95% CI = 2.10-33.52), and had no roles of parent (Adj. OR= 5.45, 95% CI = 2.37-23.43) statistically significantly had poor food consumption behavior.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The main variables that significantly influenced food consumption behavior in vocational high school students were level of knowledge, family income, and the role of parents. This study may serve as input for public health decision-makers to improve health promotion to the students in the school.</p> Nuri Hastuti Sitti Nurdjannah Dyah Suryani Suyitno Suyitno Intan Wahyuni Tukiyo Copyright (c) 2022 Nuri Hastuti, Sitti Nur Djannah, Dyah Suryani, Suyitno Suyitno https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-29 2022-03-29 8 1 1 8 10.36685/phi.v8i1.502 Prevalence and associated factors of Smokeless Tobacco (SLT) use among adolescents in Indonesia: GYTS 2019 data analysis http://stikbar.org/ycabpublisher/index.php/PHI/article/view/569 <p><strong>Background:</strong> Smokeless tobacco (SLT) use is a new trend since the banning of smoking in many public places, including among adolescents. Many people believe that SLT is a harmful reduction method compared to cigarettes. However, there are many risks of using the SLT, such as Head and neck cancer (HNC), cancer of the mouth, and coronary heart disease.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>This study aimed to examine the prevalence and the factors associated with SLT use among adolescents in Indonesia.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>This study used the cross-sectional data from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) Indonesia 2019. The national school was selected by proportional random sampling. Around 8,828 students were eligible for this study.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>This study found the prevalence of SLT use was 3.25%. The bivariate test found each independent variable was significantly associated with the SLT use. However, the adjusted test found that age, smoking parent, smoking teacher, knowledge, and attitude were significantly associated with SLT use.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The variables mostly related to SLT use come from the family and school environment. The appropriate intervention needs to be arranged to reduce the prevalence of smokers, including SLT use.</p> Syamsuriansyah Syamsuriansyah Salman Salman Heni Rusmitasari Marlynda Happy Nurmalita Sari Maretalinia Maretalinia Copyright (c) 2022 Syamsuriansyah Sayamsuriansyah, Salman Salman, Heni Rusmitasari, Marlynda Happy Nurmalita Sari, Maretalinia Maretalinia https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-29 2022-03-29 8 1 9 15 10.36685/phi.v8i1.569 Factors related to Post Traumatic Stress Symptoms in Indonesian adults during quarantine of the COVID-19 pandemic http://stikbar.org/ycabpublisher/index.php/PHI/article/view/564 <p><strong>Background: </strong>COVID-19 is an unprecedented public health event. It started from Wuhan, China, in late December of 2019 and later spread worldwide. During the pandemic, negative impacts on mental health were found in all groups, including adults of their productive age.</p> <p><strong>Objective: </strong>This study aimed to search for factors related to Post Traumatic Stress Symptoms (PTSS) during the quarantine due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia, specifically about the demographic background of respondents and its relation to PTSS.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>This study employed a cross-sectional design involving 257 Indonesian adults aged 26-67 years from 26 out of 34 provinces in Indonesia. The questionnaire used in this study consists of demographic questions and an Indonesian version of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IESR). The questionnaire was distributed through a link attached to the social media platform from 17 September to 5 October 2020. Data were analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA, and multiple linear regression using SPSS 25.0.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The data analysis showed a significant relationship between age and mean IES-R score during quarantine time in Indonesia (p-value 0.001). Other demographic factors such as gender, education level, marital status, work from home, income during the pandemic, and pandemic effects to income showed no significant relation to the IES-R score of the respondents. Adults aged 25-44 years old tend to have higher IES-R scores than those aged 45-64 and 65+ years old.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Age was related to the IES-R score, while the other five independent variables included in the linear regression analysis were found to be confounders in this study.</p> Nadya Nathalia Evangelista Felix Wijovi Sisilia Orlin Stella Angelina Devina Adella Halim Claudia Jodhinata Audrey Hamdoyo Darien Alfa Cipta Andree Kurniawan Nata Pratama Hardjo Lugito Copyright (c) 2022 Nadya Nathalia Evangelista, Felix Wijovi, Sisilia Orlin, Stella Angelina, Devina Adella Halim, Claudia Jodhinata, Audrey Hamdoyo, Darien Alfa Cipta, Andree Kurniawan, Nata Pratama Hardjo Lugito https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-29 2022-03-29 8 1 16 23 10.36685/phi.v8i1.564 Elimination of tuberculosis in the COVID-19 pandemic era in Indonesia http://stikbar.org/ycabpublisher/index.php/PHI/article/view/577 <p>N/A</p> Devi Savitri Effendy Copyright (c) 2022 Devi Savitri Effendy https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-29 2022-03-29 8 1 24 26 10.36685/phi.v8i1.577 Sustainable strategies to prevent COVID-19 in Indonesia http://stikbar.org/ycabpublisher/index.php/PHI/article/view/576 <p>N/A</p> Ramadhan Tosepu Copyright (c) 2022 Ramadhan Tosepu https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-03-29 2022-03-29 8 1 27 30 10.36685/phi.v8i1.576