Public Health of Indonesia https://stikbar.org/ycabpublisher/index.php/PHI <p>Public Health of Indonesia is an International, peer-reviewed, and open access journal published by <a href="http://stikbar.org">YCAB Publisher</a> and <a href="http://www.iakmisultra.id" target="_blank" rel="noopener">IAKMI SULTRA, Indonesia</a>, emphasizing on original research findings that are relevant for developing country perspectives including Indonesia.</p> YCAB Publisher & IAKMI SULTRA en-US Public Health of Indonesia 2528-1542 <p>Authors who publish with Public Health of Indonesia agree to the following terms:</p><ol><li>Authors retain copyright licensed under a <a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" target="_blank">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY-NC 4.0</a>, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the authors' work non-commercially, and although the others' new works must also acknowledge the authors and be non-commercial, they don't have to license their derivative works on the same terms.</li><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See <a href="http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html">The Effect of Open Access</a>). Authors can archive pre-print <em>and</em> post-print or publisher's version/PDF.</li></ol> Monkeypox transmission risks in Indonesia https://stikbar.org/ycabpublisher/index.php/PHI/article/view/634 <p>After half a century as a regional disease in Central and West Africa, Monkeypox reemerged in 2022 and spread on a transnational and transcontinental scale. The World Health Organization (WHO) classified it as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern due to its rapid spread caused by the ease of global mobilization, risk deviant behaviors, and potential for virus mutations. Through literature review and other secondary data sources, this study scrutinized the risk of Monkeypox disease in Indonesia. Given the country's various characteristics, such as geographical conditions, demographics, population mobility, and virus characteristics, it is most likely that there were Monkeypox cases in Indonesia, but they might not have been detected. Therefore, early vigilance must be owned by the community and accompanied by policy support and intervention to prevent Monkeypox transmission, particularly in surveillance efforts.</p> Hermawan Saputra Nadilah Salma Sheila Rizkia Anjari Copyright (c) 2022 Hermawan Saputra, Nadilah Salma, Sheila Rizkia Anjari https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-09-22 2022-09-22 8 3 68 74 10.36685/phi.v8i3.634 Exploring the food taboo among fisherman families in Bulukumba District, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia https://stikbar.org/ycabpublisher/index.php/PHI/article/view/622 <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Background</strong>: Food taboo is one of the social phenomena that can influence people’s health status, including women in fisherman families. Some types of food categorized as taboo may contain high nutrients. Food taboo practices still occur because people are afraid that bad things will happen if they ignore them.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Objective</strong>: This study aimed to explore the food taboo among pregnant, breastfeeding, and adult women in Bira Village, Bulukumba District, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Methods: </strong>This study employed a phenomenological design. Eight participants were selected using the purposive sampling method. Data were collected in 2022 using semi-structured interviews and were analyzed using summative content analysis using NVivo software<strong>. </strong></p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Results:</strong> Several types of food were categorized as taboo, such as Lela fish, moringa fruit, pineapple, stingray, moringa leaf, squid, and mango. Most participants agreed that they just follow what the older people suggest, which might not make sense since all those foods contain many nutritional ingredients.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><span style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusion</strong>: The study findings serve as an input for public health professionals and other related stakeholders to address this cultural issue and provide understanding to the community not to avoid taboo food</span><span style="font-weight: 400;">, which is essentially beneficial for their health.</span></p> Hairil Akbar Shermina Oruh Syamsu A. Kamaruddin Andi Agustang Copyright (c) 2022 Hairil Akbar, Shermina Oruh, Syamsu A. Kamaruddin, Andi Agustang https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-09-22 2022-09-22 8 3 75 81 10.36685/phi.v8i3.622 Safety and health risk assessment of a traditional Indonesian market https://stikbar.org/ycabpublisher/index.php/PHI/article/view/604 <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Background: </strong>The activities of traders and visitors in the market have potential hazards that pose safety and health risks. Thus, understanding the risks and the threats is a necessity.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Objective:</strong> This study aimed to identify hazards, analyze safety and health risks, and design risk control efforts that market managers can apply.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Methods:</strong> This research was qualitative research with an observational approach. The informants were selected purposively: the head of the Siteba Market Technical Implementation Unit, security officers, traders, and visitors at the Siteba Market, Padang City, Indonesia. The instruments used were checklists and interview guides. Risks were analyzed manually based on the AS/NZS 4360 standard matrix.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Results:</strong> The research results using the elicitation method identified ten potential safety and health hazards in Siteba Market. The safety and health risks for traders and visitors to Siteba Market consisted of seven high risks and three medium risks. Potential high risks were accidents, pickpockets, fatigue, slipping, falling, and jostling during emergencies and fires. Meanwhile, the potential risks consisted of traffic jams, indigestion, and scattered merchandise.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;"> Traders and visitors were potentially exposed to safety and health. Community organizing efforts through the occupational health business post need to be activated by the health centers to carry out preventive and promotive measures for safety and health in the market.</span></p> Aria Gusti Fitriyani Fitriyani Copyright (c) 2022 Aria Gusti, Fitriyani Fitriyani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-09-22 2022-09-22 8 3 82 88 10.36685/phi.v8i3.604 A comparative analysis of COVID-19 cases with comorbidities according to epidemiological and demographic characteristics in South Bengkulu Regency, Indonesia https://stikbar.org/ycabpublisher/index.php/PHI/article/view/571 <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Background</strong>: COVID-19 continues to be a global threat. Indonesia has the highest COVID-19 in ASEAN.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Objective:</strong> This study aimed to analyze COVID-19 cases according to epidemiological and demographic characteristics in South Bengkulu Regency, Indonesia.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Methods: </strong>This research used quantitative methods with a case-control approach. A sample of 326 people was included as secondary data obtained from the Regional General Hospital of South Bengkulu Regency, Indonesia. The sampling technique uses consecutive sampling. Data (age, gender, education) from medical records in hospitals and epidemiological data (contact records with patients, travel records, and social contact records) were measured using questionnaires validated online (Google form). Chi-square and multiple regression logistics were used for data analysis.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Result: </strong>Most groups infected with COVID-19 were in the risk age range (46.6%), men (51.2%), low education (48.2%), had a record of contact with patients (54.6%), had a travel record (53.7%), had a record of social contact (51.5%) and had the highest comorbidities such as tuberculosis (36.2%). There were significant relationships between age (<em>p </em>= 0.004), sex (<em>p </em>= 0.002, OR= 2.054), history of contact with the patient (<em>p </em>= 0.001, OR= 2.120), travel history (<em>p </em>= 0.003, OR= 1.959), social contact history (<em>p </em>= 0.003, OR = 2.003), and comorbidities type (<em>p </em>= 0.017) with the incidence of COVID-19. The dominant factor associated with COVID-19 was the record of social contact (<em>p</em> = 0.032, OR = 1.724).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong><span style="font-weight: 400;">: The study findings can be used to increase public knowledge about COVID-19 prevention and mitigation efforts as one of the strategies to reduce the risk of COVID-19 events.</span></p> Fiya Diniarti Bintang Agustina Pratiwi Fery Surahman Tuti Rohani Copyright (c) 2022 Fiya Diniarti, Bintang Agustina Pratiwi, Ferry Surahman, Tuti Rohani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-09-22 2022-09-22 8 3 89 95 10.36685/phi.v8i3.571 The relationship between work stress and quality life among Indonesian health workers during the COVID-19 pandemic https://stikbar.org/ycabpublisher/index.php/PHI/article/view/633 <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Background: </strong>During the COVID-19 pandemic, health workers are directly involved in many healthcare activities. If the pandemic lasts for a long time, the situation of ambiguity and full of threats will be unimaginable. It will potentially worsen individual emotions, increase work stress, and affect the quality of life of health workers.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Objective:</strong> To identify relationships between work stress levels and quality of life for health workers during the COVID-19 pandemic.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Methods: </strong>A cross-sectional design was used in this study, involving 90 health workers in a public health center in Ende Regency, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia, selected using total sampling. WHOQOL – BREF questionnaire and Stress Scale were used to collect data. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square were used for data analysis.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Result: </strong>Most respondents did not experience work stress (77.8%) and had a good quality of life (93.3%). There was a significant relationship between work stress and the quality of life of health workers during the COVID-19 pandemic (<em>p</em> &lt;0.001).</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusion: </strong><span style="font-weight: 400;">Work stress is a significant factor influencing the quality of life. Therefore, interventions to reduce the stress level of the health workers are necessary.</span></p> Yustina P. M. Paschalia Anatolia K. Doondori Theresia Avila Kurnia Bonaventura R. Seto Se Copyright (c) 2022 Yustina P. M. Paschalia, Anatolia K. Doondori, Theresia Avila Kurnia, Bonaventura R. Seto Se https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-09-22 2022-09-22 8 3 96 102 10.36685/phi.v8i3.633