Focus and Scope
Public Health of Indonesia is an International, peer-reviewed, and open access journal emphasising on original research findings that are relevant for developing country perspectives including Indonesia. The journal considers publication of articles as original article, review article, short communication / brief reports, Education forum, letters to editor, case reports, etc. The journal covers population based studies, impact assessment, monitoring and evaluation, systematic review, meta-analysis, clinic-social studies etc., related to any domain and discipline of public health, specially relevant to national priorities, including ethical and social issues. Articles aligned with national health issues and policy implications are preferred.
Peer Review Process
All papers submitted to Public Health of Indonesia undergo double blind and external peer review. In the double-blind review process neither the reviewers nor the authors know the identity of each author. This enables unbiased and accurate review of the manuscript. In all cases, reviewers will be asked to declare any conflict of interest based on the contents of the manuscript.
After a manuscript is submitted, it is reviewed by a member of the Editorial Board. If the manuscript passes the editorial review, it is sent to external reviewers for double-blind peer review.
The reviewers are selected on the basis of their area of expertise and interests, if the reviewer accepts the offer to review the manuscript, they will be sent the complete manuscript and a Manuscript Review Form.
In all cases, reviewers will be asked to declare any conflict of interest based on the contents of the manuscript. If a conflict of interest exists, the reviewers are requested to decline to review the manuscript.
Please provide an objective critical assessment of the manuscript about the concept of the study, relevance in relation to current scientific knowledge, scientific content, language, and grammar. You will be asked to make a recommendation for publishing the manuscript. Please provide reasons for your recommendations.
If you believe that the manuscript needs changes for improvement before it is accepted for publication, please make the suggestions on how to improve it. If the comments are negative please help the authors in improving their manuscript by explaining weaknesses in scientific content or language. Any offensive language in the comments cannot be tolerated.
Based on the reviewer's comments the assigned editor will take a decision about the acceptance or rejection of the manuscript. The editor may decide to: 1) accept the manuscript without revisions, 2) invite authors to resubmit the manuscript after minor or major revisions while the final decision is kept pending, or 3) reject the manuscript.
This Journal publishes four times per year on March, June, September, and December.
Open Access Policy
All research articles published in PHI are fully open access: immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY-NC 4.0 allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the authors' work non-commercially, and although the others' new works must also acknowledge the authors and be non-commercial, they don't have to license their derivative works on the same terms.
What is Open Access?
"By 'open access' to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself."
PHI publishes all of our journals using a Gold Open Access model. Publication is funded by a fee paid at the time of acceptance, usually by an author's institution or funder. Author(s) retain copyright of their work, with articles licensed to PHI. The vast majority of PHI articles use the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial CC BY-NC 4.0.
Open Access provides a sustainable funding model for scientific communications while ensuring the widest possible access to research. Open Access makes research available to new audiences, readers without the funds or institutional support to cover expensive subscriptions. Open Access allows readers to use articles and data in new ways, including practices like meta-analysis and text mining, which reveal trends in science that would not be obvious at the level of individual articles. Ultimately, Open Access accelerates the pace of research by removing barriers to collaboration.
Public Health of indonesia (PHI) is a peer-reviewed journal to publish articles in the field of nursing science, research, and management. BNJ committed to the ethical standards set for all entities involved in the publication of article.
To maintain high ethical standards of publication of quality science the publisher strives to work closely at all times with journal editors, authors and peer-reviewers. The ethics statement for Public Health of indonesia is based on those by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Code of Conduct guidelines available at www.publicationethics.org.
The work described in your article must have been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans and EC Directive 86/609/EEC for animal experiment.
The essentials of PHI publishing ethics for all groups involved in the publishing process are as follows:
- The editor of a journal holds a vital position taking important editorial decisions on all peer-reviewed submitted for publication.
- The editor should maintain the transparency of the academic research & record, preclude professional needs from cooperating ethical standards, and always be willing to publish retractions, rectifications, and erratum when required.
- The editor should assess manuscripts for their scientific quality and intellectual content, free from any sort of biased decisions based on discrimination of race, gender, geographical origin, or religion of the author(s). The editor should evaluate manuscripts objectively based on their academic merit free of any commercial or self-interests.
- The editor should not disclose any information on submitted manuscripts before publication of the manuscript.
- Promoting research rectitude must be preserved. If at any stage the publisher suspects any kind of misconduct in research, it should be investigated promptly in detail with suitable authority; and if any suspicious act of misconduct is observed in the peer review, it should be resolved with diligence.
- Providing a detailed, constructive, and unbiased evaluation in a timely manner on the scientific content of the work.
- Indicating whether the writing is relevant, concise & clear and evaluating the originality and scientific accuracy.
- Maintaining the confidentiality of the complete review process.
- Notifying the journal editor about any financial or personal conflict of interest and declining to review the manuscript when a possibility of such a conflict exists.
- Notifying the journal editor of any ethical concerns in their evaluation of submitted manuscripts; such as any violation of ethical treatment of animal or human subjects or any considerable similarity between the previously published article and any reviewed manuscript.
- All the work reported in the manuscript must be original and free from any kind of plagiarism.
- The work should not have been published elsewhere or submitted to any other journal(s) at the same time.
- Any potential conflict of interest must be clearly acknowledged.
- Proper acknowledgements to other work reported (individual/company/institution) must be given. Permission must be obtained from any content used from other sources.
- Only those who have made any substantial contribution to the interpretation or composition of the submitted work, should be listed as ‘Authors'. While other contributors should be mentioned as ‘co-authors'.
- PHI is committed to work with journal editors, defining clearly their relevant roles, in order to ensure appropriate decisions regarding publication procedures and maintaining the transparency of editorial decisions.
- PHI ensures the integrity autonomy and originality of each published article with respect to:
- publication and research fundings
- publication ethics and rectitude
- conflicts of interest
- article modifications
- timely publication of content.
Policy of Screening for Plagiarism
Any suspected cases of covert duplicate manuscript submission will be handled as outlined in the COPE guidelines and the Editor may contact the authors' institution (see Misconduct policy for more information). PHI endorses the policies of the ICMJE in relation to overlapping publications.
Adapted from Bella H. Plagiarism. Saudi J Med Med Sci 2014;2:127
Available from: http://www.sjmms.net/text.asp?2014/2/2/127/137015
"Plagiarism is the use of others' published and unpublished ideas or words (or other intellectual property) without attribution or permission, and presenting them as new and original rather than derived from an existing source. The intent and effect of plagiarism is to mislead the reader as to the contributions of the plagiarizer. This applies whether the ideas or words are taken from abstracts, research grant applications, Institutional Review Board applications, or unpublished or published manuscripts in any publication format. Plagiarism is scientific misconduct and should be addressed as such.
Self-plagiarism refers to the practice of an author using portions of their previous writings on the same topic in another of their publications, without specifically citing it formally in quotes. This practice is widespread and sometimes unintentional, as there are only so many ways to say the same thing on many occasions, particularly when writing the methods section of an article. Although this usually violates the copyright that has been assigned to the publisher, there is no consensus as to whether this is a form of scientific misconduct, or how many of one's own words one can sue before it is truly "plagiarism." Probably for this reason self-plagiarism is not regarded in the same light as plagiarism of ideas and words of other individuals. If journals have developed a policy on this matter, it should be clearly stated for authors."
Direct plagiarism is the plagiarism of the text. Mosaic plagiarism is the borrowing of ideas and opinions from an original source and a few verbatim words or phrases without crediting the author.
Authors can adhere to the following steps to report plagiarism:
- Inform the editor of the journal where a plagiarized article is published.
- Send original and plagiarized articles with plagiarized part highlighted.
- If evidence of plagiarism is convincing, editor should arrange for a disciplinary meeting.
- Editor of the journal where the plagiarized article should communicate with the editor of the journal containing the original article to rectify the matter.
- The plagiarist should be asked to provide an explanation.
- In case of nonresponse in the stipulated time or an unsatisfactory explanation, the article should be permanently retracted.
- Author should be blacklisted and debarred for submitted an article to a particular journal for at least 5 years.
- The concerned head of the institution has to be notified.
Plagiarism could be detected using Google search engine or one of two programs; iThenticate or Turnitin.
Article Correction, Retraction, and Withdrawal Policy
Every article published by PHI, either in the print issue or online, constitutes the Version of Record (VoR): the final, definitive, and citable version in the scholarly record (see NISO, 2008).
The VoR includes:
- The paper, revised and accepted following peer review, in its final form, including the abstract, text, references, bibliography, and all accompanying tables, illustrations, data.
- Any supplemental material.
Recognizing a published article as a finalized Version of Record establishes the expectation that it can be relied upon as accurate, complete, and citable. Wherever possible it is our policy to maintain the integrity of the Version of Record in accordance with STM Association guidelines:
"Articles that have been published should remain extant, exact, and unaltered to the maximum extent possible” (STM Guidelines on Preservation of the Objective Record of Science)
Sometimes after an article has been published it may be necessary to make a change to the Version of Record. This will be done after careful consideration by the Editors to ensure any necessary changes are made in accordance with guidance from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
PHI operates the following policy for making corrections to the print and online versions of their peer-reviewed content.
Publishable amendments that affect the publication record and/or the scientific accuracy of published information receive a DOI and are published in print and online in the journal. Four categories of amendments are relevant for peer-reviewed material: Erratum or Publisher Correction, Corrigendum or Author Correction, Retraction or Addendum. All four correction types are bi-directionally linked to the original published paper. Detailed information on each amendment category follows below.
Erratum or Publisher Correction
Notification of an important error made by the journal that affects the publication record or the scientific integrity of the paper, or the reputation of the authors or of the journal.
PHI distinguishes between major and minor errors. For Erratum, major errors or omissions are considered to be any changes which impacts the interpretation of the article, but where the scholarly integrity of the article remains intact.
- All major errors are accompanied by a separate erratum. The erratum should provide clear details of the error and the changes that have been made to the Version of Record. Under these circumstances PHI will:
- Correct the online article.
- Issue a separate erratum electronically linked back to the corrected version.
- Add a footnote to the article displaying the electronic link to the erratum.
- Paginate and make available the erratum in the online issue of the journal.
- Any minor errors will not be accompanied by a separate erratum. Instead a footnote will be added to the article detailing to the reader that the article has been corrected. Minor errors do not impact the reliability of, or the reader's understanding of, the scholarly content.
Minor errors include:
- Minor layout changes/fixes
- Typos or grammatical issues that are in the main body of the manuscript and do not affect the content or meaning of a sentence. However, if the typo is a number, a separate erratum or a corrigendum is usually required as this changes meaning. If typo is in the title, a separate erratum or a corrigendum is required.
- Minor fixes in references as long as the reference stays essentially the same (we usually do not update broken links to external websites as linkrot over time is to be expected).
- Updating metadata in the pdf file can be done as long as it does not change the metadata in the system (for example: if in the pdf file of the article did not have the address for correspondence nor complete address of each author's affiliation (or only in html of the website), it can be updated). Changing metadata in the system requires a separate erratum or a corrigendum.
Corrigendum or Author Correction
Notification of an important error made by the author(s) that affects the publication record or the scientific integrity of the paper, or the reputation of the authors or the journal.
In BNJ, authors receive numerous opportunities to check and approve the manuscript before it is being published (e.g. during copyediting and proofreading). With the few exceptions mentioned above, no changes are possible after the article has been published, unless a corrigendum is published, which may incur costs for the author.
In order to publish a corrigendum you should first file a ticket with email@example.com and briefly describe what you want to have corrected. We will evaluate the request and investigate the cause and severity of the error (if any).
There are the following four possibilities/outcomes:
- The error was introduced after the final proofreading step (or the authors brought this to our attention during proofreading and we failed to correct this). As this is the publishers' responsibility, we will submit a corrigendum on authors' behalf. There are no costs for them.
- The error is an update/correction of something that was in the original submission or an addendum to the original submission, or this error was in the proofs and the authors did not make a correction at the time. Requests like "I forgot to acknowledge somebody" or "there is an error in one of the authors' names" are what we call a "Discretionary Correction", as it is an oversight that is the authors' responsibility but not severe enough to affect the validity of the paper. We can correct it, but reserve the right to charge a fee of $40 for publishing the corrigendum, correcting the original article and linking it to the corrigendum, and resubmitting the article to various databases.
- We do not think the error you have mentioned is a problem and requires any action/correction.
- The error is a minor layout change and can be made without publishing a corrigendum.
In case 1 or 2, a corrigendum has to be published and a correction notice has to be sent to various databases to notify them.
Notification of invalid results that affect the reliability of a previously published article. The original article is marked as retracted but remains available to readers, and the retraction statement notifying readers of the invalidity of the published paper is bi-directionally linked to the original published paper.
Notification of additional information about a paper. Addenda are published when the editors decide that the addendum is crucial to the reader's understanding of a significant part of the published contribution. Addenda include Editorial Expression of Concern, which is an editorial statement alerting our readership to serious concerns with the published paper. Editorial Expression of Concern are typically updated with another amendment once further information is available.
Some authors request withdrawal of manuscript from the publication process after submission. Withdrawing manuscripts from publication wastes the valuable resources and tremendous amount of effort made in processing the manuscripts by the editors, reviewers and the editorial staff.
Submission of an article to PHI implies that the work has NOT been published or submitted elsewhere; therefore, the journal is strongly against unethical withdrawal of an article from the publication process after submission. Once the article is submitted, the author grants the editorial board full publishing rights and it is the absolute right of the editorial board to decide on article withdrawals.
For genuine withdrawal, the corresponding author should submit a request which must be signed by all co-authors explaining the reason of withdrawing the manuscript. The request will be processed by the editorial board and only serious genuine reasons will be considered if possible. The decision of the editorial board will be final and not negotiable. If an author requests a withdrawal within 3 days of submission, the author is allowed to withdraw the manuscript without paying any withdrawal fee; however, if the author withdraws the manuscript any time after review and acceptance, a withdrawal fee of $40 will have to be paid.