LOW BACK PAIN AMONG SAMARINDA SARONG’S TRADITIONAL WEAVERS AND ITS RELATED FACTORS

Iwan Muhamad Ramdan, Dewi Sartika

Abstract


Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a type of musculoskeletal disorder that has a detrimental effect on both workers and business continuity. Weaving activities with handloom are at risk for this disorder.

Objective: To analyze the prevalence of LBP among Samarinda sarong’s traditional weavers and its related factors.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted on 49 traditional weavers of Samarinda Sarong. The instruments included the Owestry low back pain disability questionnaire, rapid entire body assessment (REBA), microtoise staturmeter and stopwatch. Data were analyzed using multiple logistic regressions.

Results: The result showed that most of the weavers (92.5%) experienced LBP. Age (p= .000), work experience (p=.000), workload (p=.048) and work posture (p=.000) were significantly associated with LBP, while nutritional status (p=.773) and workload (p= .343) were not associated with LBP. Age and work posture were the most dominant variables affecting LBP.

Conclusion: The prevalence of LBP among Samarinda sarong’s traditional weavers was quite high and was strongly influenced by the weavers' age and posture work. In order to improve work posture and reduce the incidence of LBP, it is recommended to modify handlooms (tables and chairs) by following ergonomic rules, reducing workload, work time limitation and adequate rest.

 


Keywords


low back pain, traditional weavers, related factors

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmed, E. T. (2016). Prevalence of work related low back pain in physical therapist professional from the city of Taif, KSA. International Journal of Physiotherapy, 3(5), 552-556.

Andersson, G. (1981). Epidemiologic aspects on low-back pain in industry. Spine, 6(1), 53-60.

Baradaran, A., Ebrahimzadeh, M. H., Birjandinejad, A., & Kachooei, A. R. (2016). Cross-cultural adaptation, validation, and reliability testing of the modified Oswestry disability questionnaire in Persian population with low back pain. Asian spine journal, 10(2), 215.

Burdorf, A., & Jansen, J. (2006). Predicting the long term course of low back pain and its consequences for sickness absence and associated work disability. Occupational and environmental medicine, 63(8), 522-529.

Çınar-Medeni, Ö., Güzel, N. A., & Erdoğan, M. (2015). The Predictors of Low Back Pain in Helicopter Pilots. Gazi Medical Journal, 26(1).

Davidson, M., & Keating, J. L. (2002). A comparison of five low back disability questionnaires: reliability and responsiveness. Physical therapy, 82(1), 8-24.

Fairbank, J. C., & Pynsent, P. B. (2000). The Oswestry disability index. Spine, 25(22), 2940-2953.

Fritz, J. M., & Irrgang, J. J. (2001). A comparison of a modified Oswestry low back pain disability questionnaire and the Quebec back pain disability scale. Physical therapy, 81(2), 776-788.

Gasibat, Q., Simbak, N. B., Aziz, A. A., Petridis, L., & Tróznai, Z. (2017). Stretching exercises to prevent work-related musculoskeletal disorders: A review article. AJSSM, 5(2), 27-37.

Hameed, P. S. (2013). Prevalence of Work Related Low Back Pain among the Information Technology Professionals in India–A Cross Sectional Study. International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, 2(7), 80-85.

Jamdade, B., Shimpi, A., Rairikar, S., Shyam, A., & Sancheti, P. (2018). Factors predisposing to work-related lower back pain in automobile industry workers. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 1-7.

Johansson, J., & Rubenowitz, S. (1994). Risk indicators in the psychosocial and physical work environment for work-related neck, shoulder and low back symptoms: a study among blue-and white-collar workers in eight companies. Scandinavian journal of rehabilitation medicine, 26(3), 131-142.

Luttmann, A., Jäger, M., Griefahn, B., Caffier, G., Liebers, F., & Organization, W. H. (2003). Preventing musculoskeletal disorders in the workplace. Geneva: World Health Organization

Manchikanti, L. (2000). pidemiology of low back pain. Pain Physician, 3(2), 167-192.

Mazloum, A., Nozad, H., & Kumashiro, M. (2006). Occupational low back pain among workers in some small-sized factories in Ardabil, Iran. Industrial health, 44(1), 135-139.

Muhamad Ramdan, I., Candra, K. P., & Rahma Fitri, A. (2018). Factors affecting musculoskeletal disorder prevalence among women weavers working with handlooms in Samarinda, Indonesia. International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, 1-7.

Ozguler, A., Leclerc, A., Landre, M.-F., Pietri-Taleb, F., & Niedhammer, I. (2000). Individual and occupational determinants of low back pain according to various definitions of low back pain. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 54(3), 215-220.

Paudyal, P., Ayres, J., Semple, S., & Macfarlane, G. (2013). Low back pain among textile workers: a cross-sectional study. Occupational medicine, 63(2), 129-134.

Punnett, L., Prüss‐Ütün, A., Nelson, D. I., Fingerhut, M. A., Leigh, J., Tak, S., & Phillips, S. (2005). Estimating the global burden of low back pain attributable to combined occupational exposures. American journal of industrial medicine, 48(6), 459-469.

Tafese, A., Kebede, G., Shibru, A., & Benti, T. (2008). Work-related Low Back Pain among Garment Industry Workers in Eastern Oromia Region, Ethiopia.

Veisi, H., Choobineh, A., & Ghaem, H. (2016). Musculoskeletal problems in Iranian hand-woven shoe-sole making operation and developing guidelines for workstation design. International Journal of Occupational Environmental Medicine (The IJOEM), 7(2 April), 725-787-797.

Vincent, J. I., MacDermid, J. C., Grewal, R., Sekar, V. P., & Balachandran, D. (2014). Translation of Oswestry Disability Index into Tamil with Cross Cultural Adaptation and Evaluation of Reliability and Validity §. The open orthopaedics journal, 8, 11.

Wang, J., Cui, Y., He, L., Xu, X., Yuan, Z., Jin, X., & Li, Z. (2017). Work-related musculoskeletal disorders and risk factors among Chinese medical staff of obstetrics and gynecology. International journal of environmental research and public health, 14(6), 562.

World Health Organization. (1985). Identification and control of work-related diseases: report of a WHO expert committee Geneva: World Health Organization.

Xu, G., Pang, D., Liu, F., Pei, D., Wang, S., & Li, L. (2012). Prevalence of low back pain and associated occupational factors among Chinese coal miners. BMC public health, 12(1), 149.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Iwan Muhamad Ramdan, Dewi Sartika

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

PHI is Indexed in:

PHI is registered and being evaluated by:

Copyright 2015-2018 Public Health of Indonesia | e-ISSN 2477-1570 | p-ISSN 2528-1542 licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License