Applying Spatial Analysis Tools in Public Health: The Use of AERMOD in Modeling the Emission Dispersion of SO2 and NO2 to Identify Exposed Area to Health Risks

Erwin Azizi Jayadipraja, Anwar Daud, Alimuddin Hamzah Assegaf, Maming Maming

Abstract


Background: The cement industry is one of the main contributors of pollutant gasses in the environment through stack emissions.

Aim: This study aims to model the dispersion of SO2 and NO2 gasses and to determine the area of the dispersion by American Meteorological Society – Environmental Protection Agency Regulation Model or AERMOD has been utilized by PT. Semen Tonasa (Tonasa Cement, Ltd.).

Methods: Meteorological data from AERMENT was collected from reanalysis of MM5 data. While topographical data was extracted from SRTM30 satellite data. The model was carried out for a year, to cover both the dry and rainy season.

Results: The result of the modeling showed that the peak value of the concentration of SO2 and NO2 pollutants for one hour are 135 μg/m3 and 160 μg/m3 respectively (quality standards of SO2 and NO2 are 900 μg/Nm3 and 400 μg/Nm3). The area of dispersion tends to be in the eastern area, such as District Minasatene (Sub-district Bontoa, Kalabbirang, Minasatene dan Biraeng), District Bungoro (Sub-district Biringere, Sapanang, Mangilu, Bulu Tellue) and District Labakkang (Sub-district Taraweang).

 Key words: Spatial analysis, AERMOD, AERMOD, cement factory, exposed area, SO2 and NO2


Keywords


Spatial analysis, AERMOD,cement factory, exposed area, SO2 and NO2

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.36685/phi.v2i1.41

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